中原名校 2019—2020 学年上期第四次质量考评
(考试时间：120 分钟 试卷满分：150 分） 注意事项： 1.答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答題卡上。 2.回答选择题时，选出每小題答案后，用铅笔把答題卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时，将答案写在答题卡上，写在 本试卷上无效。 3.考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分）
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最 佳选项。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A.? 19. 15. B.?9. 18. C. ? 9. 15. 答案是 C。 1. Where does the woman work now? . A.At a post office. B. At a travel agency. C. In a hotel. 2. What does the man probably do? A cook. B. A waiter. C. A fisherman. 3. Why does the man look so upset? A. He loses his wallet by accident. B. He fails to solve a math problem. C. He isn’t well prepared for the coming exam. 4. How does the man find Mr. White? A.Strict. B. Patient. C. Responsible.
5. Which kind of furniture will the woman buy? A. The black leather suite. B. The red leather suite. C. The black wooden suite. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分）
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、 C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听 完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Driver and policewoman. B. Passenger and driver. C. Shopkeeper and customer. 7. Where is the parking lot? A. Behind a movie theater. B. Behind a supermarket. C. Behind an office building. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What kind of books does the woman need? A. Those about British culture. B. Those about American literature. C. Those about French architecture. 9. Why does the woman want to borrow those books? A. To give a lecture. B. To write a review. C. To copy some sentences. 10. What does the man advise the woman to do? A. Buy those books online. B. Select some other books. C. Come again tomorrow morning.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What benefit can the man get if he takes this chance? A. Paying no school fees. B. Taking no test. C. Enjoying free accommodation. 12. Which major does the man want to take? A.Computer Science. B. Engineering. C. Architecture. 13. What does the woman think of the chance? A.Common. B. Valuable. C. Unrealistic. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Interviewer and interviewee. B. Teacher and student. C. Director and actor. 14. When did the man found the website of Student Experience? A. In 1897. B. In 1978. C. In 1987. 15. What once happened to the man’s sister Daisy? A. She got hurt in a car accident. B. She suffered from mental illness. C. She was fired because of carelessness. 16. Who can come to the website for help? A. Students wanting to volunteer. B. Teachers seeking teaching materials. C. Disabled people needing extra assistance. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What does Bella impress the judges of "Incredible People" with? A. Her excellent memory ability. B. Her outstanding language ability. C. Her remarkable acting ability. 19. Which country does Bella come from?
A.Germany. B. Mexico. C. Russia. 20. How old was Bella when she learned her first foreign language? A.One year old. B. Two years old. C. Three years old. 第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。
A Things to do in Cabo Corrientes, Jalisco, Mexico Majahuitas Island Tour Duration: 6h 30m Let yourself be spoiled by the nature in the Majahuitas Island (Natural Reserve) while you do different beach and sea activities, such as Snorkeling(潜游)，Kayak (划独木舟)Tour and more. Eight delicious options from our menu will please your taste during lunch time, also your favorite drink will be prepared in our bar. Las Marietas Eco Discovery Duration: 6h Snorkel, swim, and kayak through the beautiful rock formations around the Marietas Islands. Beloved by Jacques Cousteau for their rich marine life and clear waters, this underwater playground is an ideal place to spend the afternoon. Follow up your snorkeling adventure with a guided kayak trip. Learn about the islands' geologic past and keep your eyes peeled for migrating whales and playful groups of dolphins. Back on the boat, have a tasty deli-style lunch featuring delicious sandwiches and salads, or kick back with a drink from the open bar while your crew set a course for your return to port. Yelapa &Majahuitas Catamaran Tour Duration: 7h+ Set sail from Puerta Vallarta aboard a luxurious catamaran with the vast Pacific Ocean ahead and a refreshing sea breeze surrounding you. Spend your morning snorkeling and exploring the peaceful cove of Majahuitas. This coral reef and tropical fish-filled coastline is only accessible by boat, making it one of Puerto
Vallarta's best-kept hidden treasures. Sayulita Escape Duration: 3h Hop on a powerful UTV (utility task vehicle) to explore Sayulita, a hip and
relaxed beach town not far from Vallarta. Ride over muddy back roads and a riverbed to reach the small community famous for its laid-back atmosphere. Soon after hitting the main road, your guide turns onto one of the dusty forest paths. Pass by farms, fields, and a riverbed before reaching an isolated beach. When you are ready, a picnic lunch, open bar, and knowledgeable crew await your return to the catamaran. 21. Which tour lasts longest? A. Sayulita Escape. B. Majahuitas Island Tour C. Las Marietas Eco Discovery. D. Yelapa &Majahuitas Catamaran Tour. 22. How does the tour Sayulita Escape differ from the other ones? A. It includes food and drinks. B. It’s activities are mainly held on the land. C. It covers a variety of outdoor water rides. D. It offers a free guide. 23.What can tourist enjoy on the tour Las Marietas Eco Discovery? A. Speeding a boat on their own. B. Playing with whales and dolphins. C. Observing the history of rock formations. D. Joining in amazing underwater activities.
B Kakano means “seed” in Maori.For Jade Temepara, a Maori woman who was crowned New Zealand's Gardener of the Year in 2012, though, it means a lot more. Temepara owns Kakano, a Maori restaurant and cooking school in Christchurch, on New Zealand's South Island. Even a first-time tourist to New Zealand will notice the presence of the Maori
culture and language everywhere. Now, so many non-Maori young people learn the language — a trend that picked up after the passage of the Maori Language Act in 1987 — that it’s not unusual to hear teens and twenty somethings of European descent in Auckland asking their friends if they want to hang out and get some kai (food) later. That's a striking contrast from several generations ago, when New Zealand law banned Maori in schools, either in written or spoken form.
While Temepara was happy to see the Maori language make a comeback, there were still parts of her native culture that were less present in New Zealand's daily life. She felt that too few Maoris of her generation were trained in their culture’s traditional cooking methods and native ingredients(原料).That’s when Temepara came up with the idea of launching a cooking education program that would go into Maori schools and other community gathering places to teach classes in traditional Maori cooking and food preparation.
The idea was so successful that it eventually led to a brick-and-mortar cafe and shop in central Christchurch. There, Temepara trades in traditional kai 一 look for cold smoked mussels, karengo (a native seaweed), Manuka honey and a native variety of sweet potato called kumara.
Although many of the ingredients grow wild in New Zealand, that doesn't mean just anybody can harvest them.
"The Maori subtribe Katti Menguai are the only ones that are allowed to have some, if they come from a lineage of chiefs. It is by bloodline only. You can't even be invited. If you're not blood, that's it, you can't go. My family is of that lineage. And so, traditionally we would harvest the birds." This is both a tribal(部落 的)practice and an accepted national law. 24. Why is the Maori language popular again in New Zealand? A.Its food is becoming welcome. B. The language law supporting it has been passed. C. The young are more interested in its culture. D. Speaking it becomes a status symbol. 25. How does Temepara feel about the return of the Maori language?
A.Worried. B. Confused. C. Excited. D. Suipriscd. 26. What is the purpose of the cooking education program? A. Making a profit from doing good. B. Responding to local communities’ request. C. Making Christchurch a perfect place for business. . D. Making Maoris feel accepted and proud of their identities. 27. What can be inferred from Temepara's words? A. A few have the privilege of harvesting the birds. B. The ingredients for Maori food are hard to gain. C. Her family are invited to gather the birds. D. Her family has special blood types.
C For many of us, summertime means road trips to the beach or mountains. or at the very least some additional dust and bird poop on the exterior of our vehicles. The extra dirt leads us to do one of two things: wash our car in the driveway or head to the car wash. But which choice is better for the environment?
The main concerns with either choice are the amount of fresh water being used and the types of chemicals used to remove the dirt. Both of these concerns can be closely monitored when washing the car at home, says Katy Gresh, spokeswoman for the Southwest Region of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. She advises car owners to put aside a set amount of water for the entire wash. "It's just like brushing your teeth,” she says, “You don’t want to leave the water running of more than you need for the job.” But even following this advice comes with an enviromental risk: Washing your car in the driveway or street flushes the dirty water into storm drains.
John Schombert, executive director of 3 Rivers Wet Weather，his organization works to educate the public about storm sewers(下水道）and water runoff, keeping this untreated water from entering the Allegheny region’s waterways. 4tWe ask people to, consider washing their cars on lawns or other permeable(透水的）surfaces where the water gets absorbed，” Schombert says. “Soil can break down and help filter(过
滤）those things,” Schombert says. “Storm sewers are not made for waste disposal.” Even when car owners use natural soaps to wash their cars, which Schombert says are probably ineffective at breaking down grease anyway.
The commercial car wash down the street knows flill well the rules regarding wastewater in storm sewers. According to the International Carwash Association (ICA), professional car washes must use water reclamation systems. These mandated processes not only keep the dirty water out of storm sewers and regular water treatment systems, but they also work to reduce water usage at commercial facilities. 28.What worries people when they have their cars washed? A. The dirt cannot be removed easily. B. Larger quantities of water are wasted. C. The washing ways do no good to their cars. D. The used chemicals are harmless to the environment. 29. What’s the disadvantage of washing cars at home? A. It is not easy to deal with. B. It cannot clean the dirt completely. C. It consumes a larger amount of water. D. It does much damage to the environment. 30. What is John’s company mainly about? A. Purifying untreated water. B. Helping the public protect waterways. C. Advocating controlling soil and water loss. D. Raising the public’s awareness of air protection. 31. what can be the best title of the text? A. Do you putcarwashing at risk? B. Which is better: Car wash or DIY? C. Why dishwashers are better than hand washing? D. Do Americans use less water than they did years ago?
D Scientists Diego Kersting and Cristina Linares have found that some coral species
are able to recover from harmful warming events through a unique survival strategy(策 略)-known as “rejuvenescence”(新生）一 among corals in the Mediterranean Sea. The findings represent some rare good news for corals around the world, which are facing numerous severe threats 一 most notably, climate change.
‘The main threats are climate change, overfishing, pollution and coastal urbanization，”Kersting said. “But currently, climate change is probably the one causing the most coral cover declines. Warming stresses corals up to a point that may cause death. Some corals bleach(白化）before dying. Other corals do not bleach but die directly. ”He went on, “Our findings are significant because this survival strategy was only known from fossil corals that existed hundreds of millions of years ago. It is the first time that it has been found in a living coral. Thanks to our findings, we know now that some corals are able to recover, but unfortunately this is not enough in the current climate change context.”
For their research, Kersting and Linares monitored 243 colonies of the endangered reef-building coral Cladocoracaespitosa in Spain's Columbretes Islands Marine Reserve over 16 years, starting in 2002. The monitoring revealed that Cladocoracaespitosa in the Mediterranean uses rejuvenescence to cope with warming events. This process involves the polyps — or the individual coral animals in a colony 一 shrinking inward and abandoning their skeletons(贷骼）during warm periods, before rejuvenating at a later point. “What happens is that some polyps in a coral colony ——sometimes just one — reduces completely its dimensions and partially retreats from its skeleton，" Kersting said. ”Once the stressful event is over, the shrunken or rejuvenated polyp recovers its size and builds up a new skeleton. Eventually, it begins to reproduce itself through budding and begins to cover the dead colony surfaces."
He continued, “The results were very surprising because I started to observe colonies that were dead years ago, that were showing living parts many years after their death.” 32. What is the greatest threat to corals now? A. Overfishing. B. Light pollution.
C.City growth. D. Climate change. 33. What can we learn about the survival strategy? A. It is the cause of warming events. B. It was found for the first time. C. It will bring hope for the endangered corals. D. It represents the evolution of the corals. 34. What does paragraph3 mainly talk about? A. How the extreme corals forms. B. How the polyps survive their competitors. C. How the research was conducted. D.How the coral species manages to recover and regrow. 35.What can best replace the underlined word “retreat” in paragraph3? A. Withdraw. B. Unfold. C. Benefit. D. Steal. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分满分 10 分）
Friendships can bring joy or sorrow. 36 ,we talked to researchers, authors, and therapists to learn how to manage the common relationship difficulties we all face. Broken promises
Friends are vital for our physical and mental well-being but these relationships aren’t always smooth sailing. 37 ,And a major way this happens is through broken promises. Perhaps he canceled plans at the last minute or she declined to take part in an important party. 38 . the first thing to do is remember that no one is perfect, says Jan Yager, PhD, friendship coach. 39
“Sometimes jealousy reveals our deepest desires, ”says Dr. Yager.“Healthy envy can motivate you to become better and be inspired by your friend’s success,^she says. She points out that it could be the other way around as well: Your friends might be jealous of you. Feeling left out
There’s no worse feeling than when you check * Monday morning to find out that your friends went on a weekend getaway without you. Scott Christnelly, a therapist, says, “I encourage clients to express their feelings about it but also not to jump to conclusions.” Then find someone else to talk to — maybe a family member, or a close friend (not one who went on the trip) 一 to explain how you feel. 40 . A. Experiencing envy B. But while it may be painful C. Stopping to feel jealous of them D.Friend breakups can be just as painful as a romantic split E. In fact, it’s common to experience some serious hurt from your friends F. Since there’s no rule book on what to do when things get tense or go south G. Maybe through that conversation, you can brainstorm how you will respond 第三部分语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。
Whitson, 44, set out on June 13 with his ninth-grade son and his wife, Ramirez, eager to show them the wild beauty of the Arroyo Seco(a river) in central California. The first night,they built a 41 and pan-fried a steak, 42 it with chocolate bars for dessert. The last thing any of them 43 was that they would become 44 .A 45 that was supposed to be secured at the top of the slide 一 the only safe way down 一 was 46 .There was no way to climb out of the gorge(峡谷).The rope had been 47 to the slippery rock wall when Whitson had made the same journey seven years before. At the time, he’d 48 lowered himself down the side of the waterfall and continued his 49 .
Thoughts raced through Whitson’s mind: 50 spring rains had likely washed the rope away. There was no other way to safely get down. Friends knew they were in Arroyo Seco, but it might be several days 51 a search party was 52 There was no cell service. He desperately 53 a plan. Whitson looked at his water bottle and he suddenly had
an idea: He 54 “HELP!” on each side of the bottle and wrote an SOS note on a piece
of paper with the 55, June 15, and their whereabouts —then put it inside. The bottle
56 into the pool, then 57 through the narrow passageway. It was 幺 very long
58 .Remarkably, they didn't wait long. About a quarter-mile downstream, two hikers
had 59 the bright green bottle right away； read the 60 and hiked to the Arroyo
Seco Campground to alert(向…...报警）the manager to call a search and rescue team.
41. A. bridge B. campfire C. channel D. pool
42. A. serving B. contacting C. rewarding D. decorated
43. A. exploited B. finished C. ignored D. expected
44. A. trapped B. deserted C. hooked D. stressed
45. A. waterfall B.rock C. rope D. gorge
46. A. polluted B. missing C. freezing D. slippery
47. A. attached B.recorded C. subscribed D. dropped
48. A. quickly
B. carefully C. randomly D. constantly .
49. A. research B. biography C. tragedy D. adventure
50. A. Rare B. Heavy C. Cold D. Selfless
51. A. since B. unless C. before D. until
52. A. sent off B. searched for C. cut across D. cut down
53. A. changed B. abandoned C. observed D. needed
54. A. scratched B.shaped C. targeted D. colored
55. A. bottle B. stick C. tent D. date
56. A. bent B. sailed C. dived D. recovered
57. A. spread B. sank C. disappeared D. zoomed
58. A. beat B. list C. ran D. shot
59. A. threw B. marked C. spotted D. designed
60. A. report B. tale C. note D. comments
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Digital receipts offer a few improvements over 61 (tradition、paper receipts.
One is health-related. Lots of receipt paper contains bisphenol—A, or BPA. This
chemical can completely influence or outright change some bodily processes, like hair growth, hormone function and cell repair. 62 (reduce) receipt paper reduces the risk for BPA exposure for not only consumers but also for employees who handle the paper 63 a more routine basis.
Another reason why digital receipts are better just boils down to 64 (convenient、. You can access those receipts through your email and file 65 (they) away in a separate folder or with a specific label for easy sorting. Or, if you need more help on the organization front, try a receipt tracking app. Physical receipts require you physically 66 (keep) track of them, and that means a shoe box or an accordion folder or a big thumb tack on a cork board in the kitchen. There have been times when I’ve let something go unretumed 67 I didn't have the receipt. I’m betting I’m not alone on that.
Some businesses, particularly local ones, use newer point of sale systems like Square that will 68 (automatic)send you a digital receipt if you've already received one from another business that uses Square. When you pay with the same credit you did at the first seller, and you've already provided 69 email address to the Square system, you 70 (get) a receipt in your email minutes later. 第四部分写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中 共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 When first learning to ride a bicycle, I decided to go to my friend’s houses for a game of badminton. On my way there, however, I chased by a fierce dog. I cycled as fast as I could so it jumped at me and caught my leg. I shouted and unlucky fell off my bicycle,
that injured my knees. Nervously, I managed to get on the bike. Much to my relief, the dog eventually gave in chasing me. But by then I was too tired to play the badminton. After a short rest at my friend’s house, I leave for home, taking other route this time. Finally, I reached home, feel exhausted after the evening’s adventure. 第二节书面表达（满分 25 分）
假如你是李华，你校交换生 Peter 打算加入你所在的汉服社团（HanfiiClub),请你给他 回一封电子邮件。要点如下：
1.欢迎他的加入； 2.介绍社团一些活动。 注意： 词数：1.100 左右：
2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.开头和结束语己为你写好。 Dear Peter,
I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
Sincerely, Li Hua